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Archive for October 21st, 2020

Deja Vu – følelse, hvornår og hvorfor?

Det var planen at der ikke skulle være politiske indlæg her, kun lejlighedsvis for ligesom at krydre læsningen, så det ikke altid var glæden over at haven gror.

Men her er så en undtagelse. Jeg tager de to screenshot (skærmdumps, skærmkopier?) med fordi jeg ærligt talt blev meget rørt, med en følelse, som jeg identificerer som et “deja vu”; en fornemmelse af at have været her før. Det er en følelse, der ofte sættes i forbindelse med at have levet før – man går i fx. en by og ser en gade, der pludselig giver samme følelse som “hjemme”, ikke nødvendigvis fordi den ligner noget, man bor i nu, men fordi det af en eller anden grund taler til nogle dybere lag, som vi ikke er vante til at identificere (blandt andet fordi det er næsten nytteløst).

Men da jeg hørte denne CBS video (og så de to texter her) fik jeg en følelse, som jeg kun kan beskrive således: “Hvis jeg var levende i en Tysk storby i 1938, og så en mulighed for politisk omvæltning hvor man ville skabe et tvær-politisk parti som skulle vælte den hadske retorik og hjælp ofrene for Krystalnatten, så ville jeg få den samme følelse.”

Hvordan kan sådan en følelse opstå?

Forskere, hovedsageligt filosoffer og psykologer, fx indiske filosoffer før vores tidsregning, har jo arbejdet med en forståelse af selvet på en måde, som vi ikke er vante til – tankegange, som er os helt fremmede, men som med lidt velvilie kan forståes uden større omstilling, hvis man vel at mærke holder sig fra de populærvidenskabelige reduktioner. Et af de bedste bud på læsning er Wikipedia, selvfølgelig!

Men der er også en anden Internet kilde Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (her en artikel om Upanishaderne) har jeg haft stor glæde af (Uddalaka er en filosof, Aruni (fl. c. 8th century BCE), also referred to as Uddalaka or Uddalaka Aruni or Uddalaka Varuni, is a revered Vedic sage of Hinduism.[1][2] He is mentioned in many Vedic era Sanskrit texts, and his philosophical teachings are among the center piece in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad):

Later […] Uddālaka makes a series of inferences from comparisons with empirically observable natural phenomena to explain that the self is a non-material essence present in all living beings. He first uses the example of nectar, collected by bees from different sources, but when gathered together becomes an undifferentiated whole. Similarly, water flowing from different rivers merges together without distinction when reaching the ocean. Uddālaka then asks Śvetaketu to conduct two simple experiments. In the first he instructs his son to cut a banyan fruit, and then the seed within the fruit, only for his son to find that he cannot observe anything inside the seed. Uddālaka compares the fine essence of the seed, which cannot even be seen, to the self. Uddālaka then tells Śvetaketu to place some salt in water. When returning the next day, Śvetaketu cannot see the salt anywhere in the water, but by tasting the water he perceives that it is equally distributed throughout. Uddālaka concludes that, like salt in water, the self is not immediately discernible, but yet permeates the entire body.

As part of a larger group of texts, known as the Vedas, the Upaniṣads were composed in a ritual context, yet they mark the beginning of a reasoned enquiry into a number of perennial philosophical questions concerning the nature of being, the nature of the self, the foundation of life, what happens to the self at the time of death, the good life, and ways of interacting with others. As such, the Upaniṣads are often considered to be the fountainhead of the subsequent rich and varied philosophical tradition in India.

Det IEP opslag er skrevet af
Brian Black
Lancaster University
United Kingdom

Og han opgiver endda en email adresse — den har jeg selvfølgelig udeladt.

About the IEP

The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP) (ISSN 2161-0002) was founded in 1995 to provide open access to detailed, scholarly, peer-reviewed information on key topics and philosophers in all areas of philosophy. The Encyclopedia receives no funding, and it operates through the volunteer work of the editors, authors, volunteers, and technical advisers. At present, the IEP has over a million visitors per month and about 20 million page views per year. The Encyclopedia is free of charge and available to all users of the Internet worldwide. The staff of 30 editors and approximately 300 authors hold doctorate degrees and are professors at universities around the world.

Du milde kineser! Det skulle have været et tre-liniers indlæg!

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Written by Donald

Wednesday, October 21, 2020 at 11:35 GMT+0000

Posted in Liv, Tidsmaskinen

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